Live Your Best Life

Common Psychiatric Disorders

  • Adjustment Disorders
  • Anxiety
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Premenstrual Mood Disorders
  • Fear and Panic Reactions
  • Social Anxiety
  • Stress Manamement
  • Life Transition Issues
  • Self Esteem
  • Anger and impulsivity
  • Personality Disorders
  • Insomnia
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Depressive Disorders
  • Mood Disorders
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Panic Disorder
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Mood Disorders

Women typically experience a spectrum of moods, both positive and negative. But those suffering from mood disorders are subjected to extreme positive and negative emotions along with a loss of their sense of control over their emotional experiences. The irregularity of their moods is so severe that it causes them distress and interferes with their ability to function in their lives. Symptoms tend to occur in a cyclical fashion over an individual's life. Mood disorders encompass both Unipolar Depression, also referred to as Major Depressive Disorder, and Bipolar Disorder. 

Major depression affects up to 25% of women over their lifetimes, and women around the world have twice the prevalence of depression than men. Usually, a person is diagnosed with depression if they experience either depressed mood or loss of enjoyment in typically pleasurable things, along with symptoms such as:

  • changes in appetite and weight
  • changes in sleep and activity
  • lack of energy
  • feelings of guilt and worthlessness
  • problems thinking and making decisions, or
  • recurring thoughts of death and suicide

Women suffering from major depression may also experience anxiety or, in severe cases, psychotic symptoms such as delusions or hallucinations.

Bipolar Disorder is a less common condition, in which a person experiences a period of depression followed by a manic *high*. A manic episode is a period lasting at least a week marked by symptoms such as an abnormally elevated mood, exaggerated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, pressured speech, irritability or distractibility, and reckless or impulsive behaviors such as sexual indiscretion or spending sprees. A person in a manic phase may also experience psychotic symptoms.

The cause of mood disorders is not well understood, but researchers think they are usually associated with changes in brain chemistry. There may also be a genetic component. Often, too, environmental factors such as stressful events can trigger the illness. Both major depression and bipolar disorder are illnesses that recur in episodes throughout a person's life. But with a combination of medication and psychotherapy, most people are able to manage their illness and regain control of their lives.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders include several illnesses with prominent symptoms of anxiety. Although each of these disorders is distinct, an individual may suffer from more than one at a time. Anxiety disorders are not uncommon: about one third of women are diagnosed with some form of the condition during the course of their lifetimes. Seeking treatment can help manage the symptoms and keep them from becoming chronic. 

Some common types of anxiety disorders include: 

  • Panic disorder, which includes distinct, short episodes of severe anxiety 
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder, in which obsessive thoughts and/or compulsive behaviors are difficult to control
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder, which includes re-experiencing of trauma, excessive monitoring or response to situations that are perceived as threatening,-and emotional numbing to avoid negative feelings
  • Generalized anxiety disorder, in which excessive worrying is difficult to control
  • Phobia, which involve anxiety about a specific situation or entity
  • Anxiety during pregnancy 

There is not always a clear boundary between normal anxiety and a disorder that requires treatment. When anxiety substantially impairs work, family or social adjustment, treatment may be worthwhile.

Psychotherapy for anxiety disorders usually involves components of cognitive behavioral treatment to help manage thoughts and behaviors that contribute to the anxiety. With regard to pharmacological treatment, different medications and psychotherapies have been shown to be most effective for specific types of anxiety disorders, so getting an accurate diagnosis is crucial. 


The death of a loved one evokes painful emotions in us. In uncomplicated bereavement a person who has suffered a loss experiences sadness and other difficult feelings, but can continue functioning in her everyday life. In more complicated bereavement, depression or anxiety emerge, leading to such symptoms as loss of interest and pleasure in one's life, concentration difficulties, self-isolating behavior, irrational guilt and self-blame, and avoidance of reminders of the lost loved one.

Psychotherapy can help one focus on her loss as a cause of psychological distress. Medication may also help address the symptoms of complicated bereavement. 


  • Psychiatric evaluation and consultation
  • Medication management
  • Psychotherapy
  • Supplements
  • Lifestyle modification